Tuesday, 8 May 2018
Effect of Vitamin D3 Fortification and Saskatoon Berry Syrup Addition on the Flavor Profile, Acceptability, and Antioxidant Properties of Rooibos Tea (Aspalathus linearis).
J Food Sci. 2017 Mar;82(3):807-817. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.13646. Epub 2017 Feb 13. Grant J1, Ryland D1, Isaak CK2,3, Prashar S3,4, Siow YL2,3,4, Taylor CG1,2,3, Aliani M1,3. Author information 1 Dept. of Human Nutritional Sciences, Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. 2 Dept. of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. 3 The Canadian Centre for Agri-Food Research in Health and Medicine, St. Boniface Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. 4 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, St. Boniface Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. Abstract The unique characteristics and healthful reputation of caffeine-free rooibos tea (RT) make it an ideal carrier for vitamin D3 supplementation, and a potential base for the addition of Saskatoon berry syrup (SBS), a natural flavor additive. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D3 fortification and SBS addition on the flavor profile, consumer acceptability, and antioxidant properties of RT. Six formulations (RT, RT with SBS, RT with SBS and vitamin D3 , RT with vitamin D3 , green tea [GT], and GT with SBS) were evaluated by 12 trained panelists and 114 consumers. The formulations were also assessed for antioxidant capacity, physical characteristics, and untargeted phytochemical content. Sensory results revealed that the mean intensity values for berry and sweet attributes were significantly higher (P < 0.05) while bitter and astringent attributes were significantly lower when SBS was added to RT samples compared to those without syrup. Acceptability of flavor, aftertaste, and overall acceptability were also significantly higher for the RT with SBS. The addition of SBS to RT significantly increased the antioxidant capacities which may increase the related health benefits of RT. SBS contributed several polyphenols, particularly flavonoids, to the tea. Vitamin D3 added to RT formulations did not significantly affect the sensory attributes, acceptability, or antioxidant content. For the development of a functional vitamin D3 fortified iced-tea beverage that can be consumed as part of the daily diet, SBS could be a favorable flavoring additive that may provide additional health benefits. KEYWORDS: Saskatoon berry syrup; cholecalciferol; consumer acceptance; descriptive analysis; rooibos tea PMID: 28192609 DOI: 10.1111/1750-3841.13646