Wednesday, 10 October 2018

Management of functional dyspepsia: state of the art and emerging therapies.

Ther Adv Chronic Dis. 2018 Jan;9(1):23-32. doi: 10.1177/2040622317725479. Epub 2017 Aug 27. Yamawaki H1, Futagami S2, Wakabayashi M1, Sakasegawa N1, Agawa S1, Higuchi K1, Kodaka Y1, Iwakiri K1. Author information 1 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Nihon Ika Daigaku, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan. 2 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8602, Japan. Abstract Patients with functional dyspepsia, defined in the 2016 Rome IV criteria as bothersome clinical dyspepsia symptoms, experience markedly reduced quality of life. Several etiologies have been associated with the disorder. In the Rome IV criteria, the brain-gut axis was acknowledged as an important factor in the etiology of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. The distinct subgroups of functional dyspepsia, epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) and postprandial distress syndrome (PDS), are treated differently: acid secretion inhibitors are recommended with patients with EPS, whereas prokinetic drugs as mosapride and acotiamide are recommended for patients with PDS. A previous study has reported that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and H2-blockers were equally effective in functional dyspepsia. A new drug, acotiamide, a muscarinic antagonist and cholinesterase inhibitor, has been shown to improve gastric motility in rodents and dogs, and to reduce PDS symptoms in patients in double-blind multicenter studies. The pharmacological mechanisms of acotiamide remain unknown; whether acotiamide alters gastric emptying and gastric accommodation in patients with functional dyspepsia remains an open question. Other emerging treatment options include Rikkunshito, a herbal medicine that improves gastric emptying through 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)2B-mediated pharmacological action, and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). Different drugs are needed to accommodate the clinical symptoms and etiology in individual patients. KEYWORDS: acid secretion inhibitors; acotiamide; functional dyspepsia; gastritis; mosapride PMID: 29344328 PMCID: PMC5761940 DOI: 10.1177/2040622317725479 Free PMC Article