Saturday, 26 May 2018

in vitro and in vivo anthelmintic activity of Pumpkin seeds and Pomegranate peels extracts against Ascaridia galli

February 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjbas.2018.02.003 LicenseCC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Project: efficacy of some plant extract of some nematodes Lab: Khaled Sultan's Lab Amer Ragheb abdul azizAmer Ragheb abdul azizMahmoud AboulailaMahmoud AboulailaMohammad A AlkazzazMohammad A Alkazzaz Khaled SultanKhaled Sultan Abstract Abstract:Pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita pepo) and Pomegranate peel (Punica granatum) have anthelmintic properties. The aim of this study was to compare the anthelmintic efficacy of pumpkin seeds ethanolic extract and pomegranate peel aqueous extract against Ascaridia galli in vitro and in vivo in Baladi chicks. On adult worms, the extracts of the two herbs were compared in vitro at concentrations of 25, 50, and 75 mg/ml with fenbendazole at a concentration of 5 mg/ml. Chicks were infected with Ascaridia galli eggs containing second stage larva and treated with 2000 mg/ kg of each of the extracts compared with 100 mg/kg fenbendazole. In vitro, all concentrations of pumpkin seed extract and the concentration of 75 mg/ml pomegranate peel extract exhibited a nearly similar effect to fenbendazole. In vivo, the mortality rate of the worms extracted from the 2000 mg/kg pumpkin seeds extract-treated chicken was non-significantly different from that of fenbendazole for 48 hours. While pomegranate peels extract exhibited a lower lethal effect than fenbendazole. The anthelmintic efficacy was dependent on time and concentration. The study presented the anthelmintic efficacy of the pumpkin seeds and pomegranate peel extracts on Ascaridia galli. Pumpkin seed extract was more effective than pomegranate peel extract. Future studies to determine the optimal dose to maximize their effectiveness especially for pumpkin seeds as anthelmintic therapeutic are required.