Saturday, 16 June 2018

Food as a way to convey masculinities: How conformity to hegemonic masculinity norms influences men's and women's food consumption.

J Health Psychol. 2018 May 1:1359105318772643. doi: 10.1177/1359105318772643. [Epub ahead of print] Campos L1, Bernardes S1, Godinho C1,2. Author information 1 1 CIS-IUL - Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal. 2 2 CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal. Abstract This study investigated how conformity to hegemonic masculinity norms affects men's and women's food consumption and whether such influence was contextually modulated. A total of 519 individuals (65% women; M = 44 years old) participated in a 2 (gender salience: low vs high) × 2 (participants' sex: male vs female) quasi-experimental between-subjects design, completing the Conformity to Masculinity Norms Inventory (Portuguese version) and reporting their past week's food consumption. Gender salience moderated the relation between men's conformity to masculinity norms and food consumption; sex-related differences in food consumption were partially mediated by conformity to masculinity norms. Implications for food consumption interventions are discussed. KEYWORDS: eating behaviour; gender; health psychology; norms; social interaction PMID: 29734857 DOI: 10.1177/1359105318772643