Available online 31 March 2017
- Reproductive Physiology Lab, Centre of Advanced Studies, Department of Zoology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan 302004, India
- Received 28 November 2016, Revised 7 February 2017, Accepted 15 February 2017, Available online 31 March 2017
Infertility is a big problem in present scenario as around 8–12% of couples are experiencing infertility worldwide. A nationwide survey of Indian council of Medical Research projected infertility rate around 15–18%. Statistical data suggest that all over world 40% infertility is due to male factor. More than 90% of male infertility problems occur due to poor sperm counts, poor sperm quality, or both. The remaining cases of male infertility can be caused by a variety of conditions involving anatomical problems, hormonal imbalances, and genetic defects.
The objective of this review is to focus about 70 most popular natural aphrodisiac and fertility-enhancing herbs and plants, effective in improving sexual behavior and can be further formulated for the drug development.
Approximately 70 herbal plants that met the selection criteria, published in various journals included in this review. The articles were analyzed under key points: plant taxonomy, dose level, duration of the experiment, effects on fertility with their medicinal uses. This review enlightens about the uses of natural aphrodisiac for fertility enhancement in a male with their possible mechanisms of action.
Usually, the available medical treatments and drugs have limited efficacy and obnoxious side effects, on the other-hand, these plant remedies acts as a better fertility enhancer without any nasty side effects.
- Erectile dysfunction;
- Fertility enhancement