Tuesday, 25 August 2015

Carrot seed for contraception: A review

Abstract: The seeds of wild carrot (Queen Anne's Lace, Daucus carota L., Family Apiaceae) have a long history of use relating to fertility, especially as an anti-fertility agent. Objectives: A literature review was conducted in an attempt to evaluate the potential efficacy of carrot seed as a contraceptive and to more clearly identify the mechanisms of its reported actions. Methods: Databases, including PubMed, Scopus, and Science Direct were searched, as were authoritative herbal and historical texts including Culpeper, Eclectic texts and Indian pharmacopoeias. Results: The use of carrot seed for contraception and abortion is recorded throughout European history, with contemporary reports from India and the United States. Scientific in vivo and ex vivo studies suggest that several modes of action may contribute to the anti-fertility effect, including an effect on the oestrous cycle and anti-progestogenic activity. Conclusions: Historical and ethnobotanical evidence make essential contributions to multidisciplinary research on herbal medicines. Further research is required to confirm the anti-fertility action of carrot seed and to provide a better understanding of the mechanism(s) of action and the compound(s) responsible.
To cite this article: Jansen, Gabrielle Claire and Wohlmuth, Hans. Carrot seed for contraception: A review [online]. Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2014: 10-17. Availability: <;dn=138844085450714;res=IELHEA> ISSN: 2200-3886. [cited 26 Aug 15].
Personal Author: Jansen, Gabrielle Claire; Wohlmuth, Hans; Source: Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2014: 10-17 Document Type: Journal Article ISSN: 2200-3886 Subject: Carrots--Seeds; Herbal abortifacients; Contraception--Evaluation; Ethnobotany; Peer Reviewed: Yes Affiliation: (1) School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Lismore NSW 2480, and Goulds Naturopathica, 73 Liverpool Street, Hobart TAS 7000, Australia
(2) Division of Research, Southern Cross University, Lismore NSW 2480, and Integria Healthcare, 8 Clunies Ross Court, Eight Mile Plains QLD 4113, Australia.Gabrielle Jansen