- This finding provided evidence for prevalence of staphylococcal bovine mastitis.
- Rhodomyrtus tomentosa extract possessed high antibacterial potency against staphylococci.
- The extract showed anti-protein denaturation activity and HRBC stabilization.
- The extract could be used to reduce inflammatory injury due to bacterial infection.
- The extract could be applied as an alternative agent against bovine mastitis.
Antibiotic residues in dairy products as well as emergence of antimicrobial resistance in foodborne pathogens have been recognized as global public health concerns. The present work was aimed to study a potent antibacterial extract from natural product as an alternative treatment for staphylococcal bovine mastitis. Staphylococcal isolates (n = 44) were isolated from milk samples freshly squeezed from individual cows. All staphylococcal isolates were resistant to ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, penicillin, except vancomycin. Rhodomyrtus tomentosa leaf ethanolic extract was accessed for its antibacterial activity and anti-inflammatory potential. The extract exhibited profound antibacterial activity against all of staphylococcal isolates with MIC and MBC values ranged from 16–64 μg/ml and 64–> 128 μg/ml, respectively. Moreover, the extract also exerted anti-protein denaturation and human red blood cell membrane stabilizing activity. The results support the use of R. tomentosa extract that could be applied to cure bovine mastitis and to reduce inflammatory injury caused by the bacterial infections.
- Antibacterial agent;
- Bovine mastitis;
- Rhodomyrtus tomentosa;
- Staphylococcus aureus
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