Thursday, 22 November 2018

Herbal medicines: challenges in the modern world. Part 4. Canada and United States.

Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 2016 Dec;9(12):1597-1609. Epub 2016 Oct 3. Job KM1, Kiang TK2,3, Constance JE1,4, Sherwin CM1,4, Enioutina EY1,5. Author information 1 a Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Pediatrics , University of Utah School of Medicine , Salt Lake City , UT , USA. 2 b Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences , The University of British Columbia , Vancouver , Canada. 3 c Department of Pharmacy , Vancouver General Hospital , Vancouver , Canada. 4 d Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , UT , USA. 5 e Division of Microbiology and Immunology, the Department of Pathology , University of Utah School of Medicine , Salt Lake City , UT , USA. Abstract Similar to other nations North American people used herbs for thousands of years to treat diseases and purify their spirits. By the middle of the 1900s, evidence-based conventional medicine received wide acceptance in Canada and the United States (US). Nowadays, people are going back to their roots and actively using herbal medicines (HMs) and natural health products (NHPs). Areas covered: This article is focusing on use and regulation of the HMs and NHPs in Canada and the US, raises concerns regarding HM and NHP safety and efficacy, offers suggestions on how to overcome these problems. Materials available from legislative and governmental websites, PubMed and news media were used. Expert commentary: Use of HMs, especially dietary supplements is widespread among adults in Canada and US. HMs and NHPs are regulated in both countries, but minimum criteria for product approval and post-market surveillance have been set. Concerns of quality, contamination, adulteration, and efficacy in are of central importance in the discussion of HMs and NHPs. Detailed product description and research are of vital importance to ensure safety and efficacy of these products. Additionally, 'herbal' education of healthcare providers and patients is needed to guarantee further successful integration of HM and conventional medicines. KEYWORDS: Canada; Herbal medicines; United States; dietary supplements; legislation; natural health products; regulations PMID: 27644147 DOI: 10.1080/17512433.2016.1238762 [Indexed for MEDLINE]