Monday, 19 November 2018
Role of chemical and herbal dentifrices against indigenous oral Pathogens
Send to Pak J Pharm Sci. 2018 Jul;31(4):1323-1331. . Shafiq HB1, Nawaz S1, Amin U1, Rasool MH1. Author information 1 Department of Microbiology, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Abstract The oral cavity has its own significant micro-flora but under unhygienic conditions can cause infections or diseases like gingivitis, caries, plaque and gum bleeding. Out of more than 700 oral microbial species, some opportunistic pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus spp. and Candida albicans are more prevalent. In this study, the antimicrobial activities of various toothpastes (dilutions ranging from 1:1-1:128) against above mentioned pathogens were assessed. The pathogens were isolated from clinical samples using various differential and selective media and identified through microscopic examination, cultural characteristics and biochemical tests using both conventional and API kit system (Biomerieux, France). Antimicrobial activities of selected dentifrice formulations against identified microbes were determined using agar well diffusion and Minimum Inhibitory Concentration assays. Statistical analysis of the data on different variables has been performed by Analysis of Variance and Mean ±SD using SPSS software. From the collected samples Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus intermedius and Candida albicans were isolated and identified. All the selected toothpastes showed significant (p<0.01) antimicrobial activity against the bacterial and fungal isolates. Variable results (inhibitory zone diameters ranging from 35.10±8.00 to 2.40±5.37) were found when mean of different dilutions were compared. Conventional dentifrices exhibited more inhibition as compared to herbal products.