|1509||Pope Julius II excommunicates the Italian state of Venice.|
Assessment of the ecological quality (EcoQ) of the Venice lagoon using the structure and biodiversity of the meiofaunal assemblages
Transitional Environments (TEs) have been deeply modified to meet human requirements, and for this reason are currently ranked among the most endangered aquatic ecosystems. The Adriatic basin hosts a large number of TEs of which the Lagoon of Venice is the largest one, but information on its meiofauna are very dated or focused to localized areas. The present study is the first to document the spatial distribution of meiofauna in the whole Venice lagoon. Furthermore, the health status of the TE of Venice has been assessed by means of several faunal parameters (richness, diversity indices, structure of the entire meiofaunal assemblage and only rare taxa). All the univariate meiofaunal parameters (i.e. richness, diversity indices, Ne:Co ratio) were consistent in highlighting the worst ecological quality of the Porto Marghera district. Instead, the structure of the entire meiofaunal assemblage as well as that of rare taxa seemed to detect variations not directly related to pollution and likely due to the different hydrodynamic conditions of Lido and Malamocco inlets. On the basis of our results, we have also critically discussed the usefulness of the various faunal parameters in the monitoring assessment of the TEs.
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|1813||American forces capture York (present-day Toronto), the seat of government in Ontario.|
|1861||President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus.|
|1861||West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from the Union.|
|1941||The Greek army capitulates to the invading Germans.|
|1950||South Africa passes the Group Areas Act, formally segregating races.|
|1961||The United Kingdom grants Sierra Leone independence.|
|Born on April 27|
|1737||Edward Gibbon, historian (The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire).|
|1791||Samuel F.B. Morse, inventor of the telegraph and the code.|
|1822||Ulysses S. Grant, Union general during the American Civil War, 18th President of the United States (1869-1877).|
|1900||Walter Lantz, cartoonist, creator of Woody Woodpecker.|
Via @NPR: Woody The Acorn (Not Pileated) Woodpecker http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=101665227
|1927||Coretta Scott King, civil rights activist, wife of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.|
A volume in Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition
2011, Pages 54–64, 65e–66e
4 – Ackee fruit (Blighia sapida Konig)
The ackee (Blighia sapida), a tropical fruit belonging to the Sapindaceae family, has its origin in West Africa but has traversed the Atlantic Ocean, making the Caribbean (where it grows wildly and is also cultivated) its home. The colloquial name Ackee is derived from the terms ‘anke’ and ‘akye-fufuo’, which are used to describe the fruit in West Africa. It was named Blighia sapida in honour of the infamous Captain William Bligh who transported the fruit from Jamaica to England in 1793. Although Ackee fruit was first known for its poisonous properties, it is nowadays considered one of the major fruits consumed in Jamaica and is an ingredient of the national dish Ackee Saltfish. Extensive literature exists on hypoglycin A, the toxic compound of unripe Ackee, while no referenced data are readily available on its physiology and reports are very limited on its biochemistry. The aim of this chapter is to fill this gap moderately, and give an overview on the fruit as fresh and commercial produce.
Copyright © 2011 Woodhead Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
Thursday, 28 April 2016