New finishing possibilities for producing durable multifunctional cotton/wool and viscose/wool blended fabrics
- A single-stage functional finishing process.
- Utilization of multi finish formulations and combinations.
- Using pad-dry-microwave fixation technique.
- Cellulosic/wool blends with multiple innovative characteristics.
- Functionalized cellulose-containing fabrics with noticeable durability.
This research work focuses on the development of a one-bath functional finishing procedure for imparting durable multifunctional properties such as easy care, soft-hand, antibacterial and/or ultra violet (UV) protection to cotton/wool and viscose/wool blends using diverse finishing combinations and formulations. In this study finishing agents such as reactant resin, silicon softeners, 4-hydroxybenzophenone, triclosan, and pigment colorant were selected using magnesium chloride/citric acid as a mixed catalyst and the pad-dry microwave fixation technique. The results reveal that enhancement in the imparted functional properties are governed by type of the finished substrate as well as nature and concentration of finishing formulation components. The finished fabrics still retained high level of functionalities even after 15 consecutive laundering. Surface morphology and composition of selected samples were investigated using scan electron microscope (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis. The mode of interactions was also investigated. Practical applications for multifunctionlization of cellulose/wool blended fabrics are possible using these sorts of proper finishing formulations and unique finishing application method.
- Cellulose/wool blend;
- Multifunctional finish;
- Easy care;
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