Gender, Agrobiodiversity, and Climate Change: A Study of Adaptation Practices in the Nepal Himalayas
- Accepted 5 January 2015, Available online 31 January 2015
- We explored gender in agrobiodiversity adaptation in changing climate and society.
- Adaptation is shaped by the complex interplay of gendered knowledge and power.
- Gender relations in adaptation are socio-ecological and multi-scalar in nature.
- Gender is linked to other aspects of social differentiation in adaptation practice.
- Gender equity is crucial in enhancing the adaptive capacity of communities.
Gender is seminal to agrobiodiversity management, and inequities are likely to be exacerbated under a changing climate. Using in-depth interviews with farmers and officials from government and non-government organizations in Nepal, we explore how gender relations are influenced by wider socio-economic changes, and how alterations in gender relations shape responses to climate change. Combining feminist political ecology and critical social-ecological systems thinking, we analyze how gender and adaptation interact as households abandon certain crops, adopt high-yielding varieties and shift to cash crops. We argue that the prevailing development paradigm reinforces inequitable gender structures in agrobiodiversity management, undermining adaptation to the changing climate.
- agrobiodiversity management;
- climate change;