Sunday, 31 January 2016

New trends and perspectives in the evolution of neurotransmitters in microbial, plant, and animal cells

Volume 874, 2016, Pages 25-77

  (Book Chapter)

Laboratory of Microspectral Analysis of Cells and Cellular Systems, Institute of Cell Biophysics RAS, Institutskaya Str. 3, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation 


The evolutionary perspective on the universal roles of compounds known as neurotransmitters may help in the analysis of relations between all organisms in biocenosis—from microorganisms to plantand animals. This phenomenon, significant for chemosignaling and cellular endocrinology, has been important in human health and the ability to cause disease or immunity, because the “living environment” influences every organism in a biocenosis relationship (microorganismmicroorganism, microorganism-plant, microorganism-animal, plant-animal, plant-plant and animal-animal). Non-nervous functions of neurotransmitters (rather “biomediators” on a cellular level) are considered in this review and ample consideration is given to similarities and differences that unite, as well as distinguish, taxonomical kingdoms. © Springer International Publishing AG 2016.

Author keywords

Acetylcholine; Biocenosis; Biomediators; Catecholamines; Evolution of functions; Histamine; Interactions between organisms; Microorganisms; Non-nervous functions of neurotransmitters; Pharmacology; Plants; Serotonin; Toxicology

Indexed keywords

EMTREE drug terms: acetylcholine; adrenalin; biogenic amine; choline acetyltransferase; cholinesterase; dopamine; histamine; neurotransmitter; noradrenalin; probiotic agent; serotonin
EMTREE medical terms: ecology; economic aspect; endocrinology; enzyme activity; immunity;medicinal plant; metabolism; microorganism; molecular evolution; neurotransmitter release; nonhuman; organism community; priority journal; signal transduction; stress; taxonomy
Chemicals and CAS Registry Numbers: acetylcholine, 51-84-3, 60-31-1, 66-23-9; adrenalin, 51-43-4, 55-31-2, 6912-68-1; choline acetyltransferase, 9012-78-6; cholinesterase, 9001-08-5; dopamine, 51-61-6, 62-31-7; histamine, 51-45-6, 56-92-8, 93443-21-1; noradrenalin, 1407-84-7, 51-41-2; serotonin, 50-67-9