Volume 1, Issue 4, 1 December 2015, Pages 257-267
Utica College, 1600 Burrstone Rd, New York, United States
A significant number of US citizens lack appropriate sleep for several reasons. Back pain has been identified as possible cause for inappropriate sleep in adults. Previously, the quality of mattressesand bedding systems has been correlated to the pain perceived by individuals. However, there is controversy in the literature regarding the type and characteristics of a mattress that best serve the purpose of decreasing spinal pain, and improving spinal alignment and quality of sleep. This study gathered the best available evidence in the literature related to this matter through conducting asystematic review of controlled trials that were published since the year of 2000. In those trials,mattresses were subjectively identified as soft, medium firm, firm, or custom inflated. Articles examining the effect of temperature alterations of mattresses on promoting sleep quality and reducing pain were included as well. Twenty-four articles qualified for inclusion into this systematicreview. The methodological quality of the reviewed clinical trials was deemed moderate to high according to the PEDro scale. Results of this systematic review show that a mattress that is subjectively identified as a medium-firm mattress and is custom inflated (self-adjusted) is optimal forpromoting sleep comfort, quality, and spinal alignment. Evidence is not sufficient yet regarding the appropriate temperature of the optimum mattress; however, warm temperature has been recommended by authors. © 2015 National Sleep Foundation.
Ergonomics; Mattress design; Pain; Sleep quality; Spinal alignment
ISSN: 23527218Source Type: Journal Original language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.sleh.2015.08.001Document Type: Article
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.