Volume 148, 5 September 2016, Pages 86-97
Key Laboratory of Chinese Materia Medica (Ministry of Education), Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, China
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease attracted worldwide concerns, which severely impairs peoples' quality of life and is attributed to several life-threatening complications, including atherosclerosis, nephropathy and retinopathy. The current therapies for DM include mainly oral anti-diabetic drugs and insulin. However, continuous use of these causes insulin resistance and side-effects, and the demand of effective, nontoxic and affordable drugs for DM patients is eager. Several previous studies have shown that non-toxic biological macromolecules, mainly polysaccharides, possess prominent efficacies on DM. Based on these encouraging observations, a great deal of efforts have been focused on discovering anti-diabetic polysaccharides for the development of effective therapeutics for DM. This review focuses on the advancements in the anti-diabetic efficacy of various natural polysaccharides and polysaccharide complexes from 2010 to 2015. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Diabetes mellitus; Mushroom; Plants; Polysaccharide complexes; Polysaccharides
ISSN: 01448617 CODEN: CAPODSource Type: Journal Original language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.02.060Document Type: Review
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd