Thursday, 26 May 2016

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.): Botany, agrotechnology and biotechnological aspects

Volume 87, 1 September 2016, Pages 161-176

Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Purta Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) is an industrially valued aromatic medicinal plant currently having a huge demand for its essential oil. It is widely used in flavor and fragrance industries as well as in pharmaceuticals. Clonal propagation is therefore obligatory to obtain homogeneous patchouli plants from preferred germplasm in order to meet the global need. At present, farmers are showing keen interest towards its large scale cultivation mainly in the tropical and sub-tropical countries. Understanding the plant biology, chemistry and other uses allows better utilization of any industrial crops. Therefore, the present review discusses on the botany, agronomy and biotechnological aspects of patchouli. Also, the current market demand for patchouli raw material is being reviewed by highlighting the possible exploration of modern techniques in identifying the adulterants to authenticate this herb. This review provides a comprehensive information on both basic and applied aspects of patchouli crop cultivation and management. The applied aspect of patchouli biotechnology allows one to explore the newer potential for various industrial uses and improve the rural economy. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Author keywords

Adulteration; Aromatherapy; Essential oil; Herbal medicine; Industrial crop; Patchouli; Perfume

Indexed keywords

Engineering controlled terms: Agriculture; Biotechnology; Crops; Essential oils; Fragrances
Adulteration; Aromatherapy; Herbal medicines; Industrial crops; Patchouli
Engineering main heading: Plants (botany)
Species Index: Pogostemon cablin
ISSN: 09266690 CODEN: ICRDESource Type: Journal Original language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2016.04.032Document Type: Review
Publisher: Elsevier

  Swamy, M.K.; Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Purta Malaysia, Malaysia;
© Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.